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ARTICLES 2000-2005

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The paper deals with the creative aspects of textual and visual saturation in a multimodal discourse. It explores the benefits of the cognitive approach to the stylistic aspects of language in use and focuses on perception and comprehension of the textual and the visual. The perception of an image, whether it is lexical or phraseological, is a cognitive process, which creates a mental picture in one's imagination, a kind of visualisation in one's mind's eye. A visual representation of the image serves to create a new mode of narrative, which is both visual and textual. Comprehension and interpretation rely on the ties between the visual and the verbal, as well as the knowledge of the sociocultural background and the symbolic implications. The visual representation of instantial stylistic use of phraseological units has a semantic function: it enhances and interprets the image, creates a new meaning and sustains figurative thought.

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This paper explores the issue of the translation of metaphorical terms, which is directly connected with the significance of metaphor in thinking, language and cognition. What role do metaphors play in science and terminology? Why do metaphors appear in terms? The reasons are cognitive. The pragmatic difficulty, however, lies in the translator's choice: to preserve the metaphor or not to preserve it in the term in the TL (in this case in Latvian).

Metaphor in translation has not been widely researched and it still remains a challenging and a controversial area. There are a number of factors, which make the translation of metaphorical terms difficult. Among them are the complex nature of figurative language, the traditional concept of a term and the patterns of thought and culture in the TL.

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  • Naciscione, Anita. 2002. Cohesion in Phraseology. In Braasch, Anna and Claus Povlsen (eds.). Proceedings of the Tenth EURALEX International Congress, EURALEX 2002, vol. 2. Copenhagen: Center for Sprogteknologi: 534-540. [online version]
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This paper explores cohesion as one of the basic theoretical concepts in phraseology alongside with stability and figurativeness. Cohesion of the base form derives from phraseological meaning and the organization of the unit. When used in discourse, the intrinsic properties of the phraseological unit contribute to text formation. Cohesion is not only a semantic means. Cohesion is also a stylistic relation. Phraseological cohesion is an essential feature of the progressive development of text, as it secures continuity of phraseological ties in discourse. Sustained stylistic use of a phraseological unit enhances the perception of the text as a cohesive and coherent entity.

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This article explores the stylistical use of phraseological units in literary discourse. A phraseological unit may extend across sentence boundaries and even large stretches of text, creating a continuity, a web of unique interrela­tionships of figurative and direct meanings, and associative links. Sustained discoursal use of a phraseological unit contributes to the perception of the text as a cohesive and coherent entity. Failure to identify stylistic use will be to the detriment of inference and interpretation, and hence a semantic and stylistic loss.

The article also considers the implications of a discourse-based approach to phraseological units in teaching and learning. The exploration of the dis­coursal potential of phraseological units is of immediate relevance to the stud­ies of language and literature as an area of applied stylistics. Teaching stylis­tic use helps to disclose the cognitive processes of the mind in creative thinking. It can lead to significant gains in stylistic awareness which involves a conscious perception and understanding of: significant changes in the base form and meaning of the phraseological unit, associative links and their net­works, stylistic cohesive ties in the text and the creation of a new meaning in discourse. Key words

hraseological unit, base form, core use, instantial stylistic use, pattern, stylistic awareness, applied stylistics.

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Should you have any enquiries or suggestions concerning my area of research, do not hesitate to e-mail me: naciscione.anita[at]gmail.com.

 
   
 
                     
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